Some topological characterizations of rational maps and Kleinian groups
The aim of this course is to present methods coming from quasiconformal geometry in metric spaces which can be used to characterize conformal dynamical systems. We will focus on some specific classes of rational maps and of Kleinian groups (semi-hyperbolic rational maps and convex-cocompact Kleinian groups). These classes can be characterized among conformal dynamical systems by topological properties, which will enable us to define classes of dynamical systems on the sphere (coarse expanding conformal maps and uniform convergence groups). It turns out that these topological dynamical systems carry some non-trivial geometric information enabling us to associate a coarse conformal structure invariant by their dynamics. This conformal structure will be derived from hyperbolic geometry in the sense Gromov. We associate to this conformal structure a numerical invariant, the Ahlfors regular conformal dimension, which will contain the information that such topological dynamical systems are conjugate to genuine conformal dynamical systems.