## A topological lower bound for the energy of a unit vector field on a closed Euclidean hypersurface

### Volume 125 / 2020

#### Abstract

For a unit vector field on a closed immersed Euclidean hypersurface $M^{2n+1}$, $n\geq 1$, we exhibit a nontrivial lower bound for its energy which depends on the degree of the Gauss map of the immersion. When the hypersurface is the unit sphere $\mathbb {S}^{2n+1}$, immersed with degree 1, this lower bound corresponds to a well established value from the literature. We introduce a list of functionals $\mathcal {B}_k$ on a compact Riemannian manifold $M^{m}$, $1\leq k\leq m$, and show that, when the underlying manifold is a closed hypersurface, these functionals possess similar properties regarding the degree of the immersion. In addition, we prove that Hopf flows minimize $\mathcal {B}_n$ on $\mathbb {S}^{2n+1}$.