## On the discrepancy of random subsequences of $\{n\alpha\}$

### Volume 191 / 2019

#### Abstract

For irrational $\alpha $, $\{n\alpha \}$ is uniformly distributed mod 1 in the Weyl sense, and the asymptotic behavior of its discrepancy is completely known. In contrast, very few precise results exist for the discrepancy of subsequences $\{n_k \alpha \}$, with the exception of metric results for exponentially growing $(n_k)$. It is therefore natural to consider random $(n_k)$, and in this paper we give nearly optimal bounds for the discrepancy of $\{n_k \alpha \}$ in the case when the gaps $n_{k+1}-n_k$ are independent, identically distributed, integer-valued random variables. As we will see, the discrepancy behavior is determined by a delicate interplay between the distribution of the gaps $n_{k+1}-n_k$ and the rational approximation properties of $\alpha $. We also point out an interesting critical phenomenon, a sudden change of the order of magnitude of the discrepancy of $\{n_k \alpha \}$ as the Diophantine type of $\alpha $ passes through a certain critical value.