## Purely periodic and transcendental complex continued fractions

### Volume 194 / 2020

#### Abstract

Adolf Hurwitz proposed in 1887 a continued fraction algorithm for complex numbers: Hurwitz continued fractions (HCF). Among other similarities between HCF and regular continued fractions, quadratic irrational numbers over $\mathbb {Q}(i)$ are precisely those with periodic HCF expansions. In this paper, we give some necessary as well as some sufficient conditions for pure periodicity of HCF. Then, we characterize badly approximable complex numbers in terms of HCF. Finally, we prove a slightly weaker complex analogue of a theorem by Y. Bugeaud (2003) on the transcendence of certain continued fractions.