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Quadratic fields with a class group of large 3-rank

Volume 197 / 2021

Aaron Levin, Shengkuan Yan, Luke Wiljanen Acta Arithmetica 197 (2021), 275-292 MSC: Primary 11R29; Secondary 11G30, 14H40. DOI: 10.4064/aa191027-22-6 Published online: 19 October 2020

Abstract

We prove that there are $\gg X^{1/30}/\!\log X$ imaginary quadratic number fields with an ideal class group of $3$-rank at least $5$ and discriminant bounded in absolute value by $X$. This improves on an earlier result of Craig, who proved the infinitude of imaginary quadratic fields with an ideal class group of $3$-rank at least $4$. The proofs rely on constructions of Mestre for $j$-invariant $0$ elliptic curves of large Mordell–Weil rank, and a method of the first author and Gillibert for constructing torsion in ideal class groups of number fields from rational torsion in Jacobians of curves. We also consider analogous questions concerning rational $3$-torsion in hyperelliptic Jacobians.

Authors

  • Aaron LevinDepartment of Mathematics
    Michigan State University
    East Lansing, MI 48824, U.S.A.
    e-mail
  • Shengkuan YanSchool of Mathematics and Statistics
    Xi’an Jiaotong University
    Xi’an, 710049, China
    e-mail
  • Luke WiljanenDepartment of Mathematics
    Michigan State University
    East Lansing, MI 48824, U.S.A.
    e-mail

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