Rapid mixing of Swendsen–Wang dynamics in two dimensions

Volume 502 / 2014

Mario Ullrich Dissertationes Mathematicae 502 (2014), 1-64 MSC: Primary 60K35; Secondary 60J10, 82C20. DOI: 10.4064/dm502-0-1


We prove comparison results for the Swendsen–Wang (SW) dynamics, the heat-bath (HB) dynamics for the Potts model and the single-bond (SB) dynamics for the random-cluster model on arbitrary graphs. In particular, we prove that rapid (i.e. polynomial) mixing of HB implies rapid mixing of SW on graphs with bounded maximum degree and that rapid mixing of SW and rapid mixing of SB are equivalent. Additionally, the spectral gap of SW and SB on planar graphs is bounded from above and from below by the spectral gap of these dynamics on the corresponding dual graph with suitably changed temperature.

As a consequence we obtain rapid mixing of the Swendsen–Wang dynamics for the Potts model on the two-dimensional square lattice at all non-critical temperatures, as well as rapid mixing for the two-dimensional Ising model at all temperatures. Furthermore, we obtain new results for general graphs at high or low enough temperatures.


  • Mario UllrichMathematical Institute
    Friedrich Schiller University Jena
    Ernst-Abbe-Platz 2
    07743 Jena, Germany

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