## On $z^\circ$-ideals in $C(X)$

### Volume 160 / 1999

#### Abstract

An ideal I in a commutative ring R is called a z°-ideal if I consists of zero divisors and for each a ∈ I the intersection of all minimal prime ideals containing a is contained in I. We characterize topological spaces X for which z-ideals and z°-ideals coincide in , or equivalently, the sum of any two ideals consisting entirely of zero divisors consists entirely of zero divisors. Basically disconnected spaces, extremally disconnected and P-spaces are characterized in terms of z°-ideals. Finally, we construct two topological almost P-spaces X and Y which are not P-spaces and such that in every prime z°-ideal is either a minimal prime ideal or a maximal ideal and in C(Y) there exists a prime z°-ideal which is neither a minimal prime ideal nor a maximal ideal.