Almost multiplicative functionals

Volume 124 / 1997

Krzysztof Jarosz Studia Mathematica 124 (1997), 37-58 DOI: 10.4064/sm-124-1-37-58


A linear functional F on a Banach algebra A is almost multiplicative if |F(ab) - F(a)F(b)| ≤ δ∥a∥ · ∥b∥ for a,b ∈ A, for a small constant δ. An algebra is called functionally stable or f-stable if any almost multiplicative functional is close to a multiplicative one. The question whether an algebra is f-stable can be interpreted as a question whether A lacks an almost corona, that is, a set of almost multiplicative functionals far from the set of multiplicative functionals. In this paper we discuss f-stability for general uniform algebras; we prove that any uniform algebra with one generator as well as some algebras of the form R(K), K ⊂ ℂ, and A(Ω), $Ω ⊂ ℂ^{n}$, are f-stable. We show that, for a Blaschke product B, the quotient algebra $H^{∞}/BH^{∞}$ is f-stable if and only if B is a product of finitely many interpolating Blaschke products.


  • Krzysztof Jarosz

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