## Supercyclicity and weighted shifts

### Volume 135 / 1999

#### Abstract

An operator (linear and continuous) in a Fréchet space is hypercyclic if there exists a vector whose orbit under the operator is dense. If the scalar multiples of the elements in the orbit are dense, the operator is supercyclic. We give, for Fréchet space operators, a Supercyclicity Criterion reminiscent of the Hypercyclicity Criterion. We characterize the supercyclic bilateral weighted shifts in terms of their weight sequences. As a consequence, we show that a bilateral weighted shift is supercyclic if and only if it satisfies the Supercyclicity Criterion. We exhibit two supercyclic, irreducible Hilbert space operators which are C*-isomorphic, but one is hypercyclic and the other is not. We prove that a Banach space operator which satisfies a version of the Supercyclicity Criterion, and has zero in its left essential spectrum, has an infinite-dimensional closed subspace whose nonzero vectors are supercyclic.