# Publishing house / Journals and Serials / Studia Mathematica / All issues

## Can ${\cal B}(\ell^p)$ ever be amenable?

### Volume 188 / 2008

Studia Mathematica 188 (2008), 151-174 MSC: Primary 47L10; Secondary 46B07, 46B08, 46B45, 46E30, 46H20, 47L20. DOI: 10.4064/sm188-2-4

#### Abstract

It is known that ${\cal B}(\ell^p)$ is not amenable for $p =1,2,\infty$, but whether or not ${\cal B}(\ell^p)$ is amenable for $p \in (1,\infty) \setminus \{ 2 \}$ is an open problem. We show that, if ${\cal B}(\ell^p)$ is amenable for $p \in (1,\infty)$, then so are $\ell^\infty({\cal B}(\ell^p))$ and $\ell^\infty({\cal K}(\ell^p))$. Moreover, if $\ell^\infty({\cal K}(\ell^p))$ is amenable so is $\ell^\infty(\mathbb{I},{\cal K}(E))$ for any index set $\mathbb I$ and for any infinite-dimensional ${\cal L}^p$-space~$E$; in particular, if $\ell^\infty({\cal K}(\ell^p))$ is amenable for $p \in (1,\infty)$, then so is ${\ell^\infty({\cal K}(\ell^p \oplus \ell^2))}$. We show that $\ell^\infty({\cal K}(\ell^p \oplus \ell^2))$ is not amenable for $p =1,\infty$, but also that our methods fail us if $p \in (1,\infty)$. Finally, for $p \in (1,2)$ and a free ultrafilter $\cal U$ over $\mathbb N$, we exhibit a closed left ideal of $({\cal K}(\ell^p))_{\cal U}$ lacking a right approximate identity, but enjoying a certain very weak complementation property.

#### Authors

• Matthew DawsDepartment of Pure Mathematics
University of Leeds
Leeds, LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
e-mail
• Volker RundeDepartment of Mathematical
and Statistical Sciences
University of Alberta 