Nonlinear eigenvalue problems for fourth order ordinary differential equations
This paper was inspired by the works of Chiappinelli () and Schmitt and Smith (). We study the problem ℒu = λau + f(·,u,u',u'',u''') with separated boundary conditions on [0,π], where ℒ is a composition of two operators of Sturm-Liouville type. We assume that the nonlinear perturbation f satisfies the inequality |f(x,u,u',u'',u''')| ≤ M|u|. Because of the presence of f the considered equation does not in general have a linearization about 0. For this reason the global bifurcation theorem of Rabinowitz (, ) is not applicable here. We use the properties of Leray-Schauder degree to establish the existence of nontrivial solutions and describe their location. The results obtained are similar to those proved by Chiappinelli for Sturm-Liouville operators.