Rough membership functions: a tool for reasoning with uncertainty

Tom 28 / 1993

Z. Pawlak, A. Skowron Banach Center Publications 28 (1993), 135-150 DOI: 10.4064/-28-1-135-150


A variety of numerical approaches for reasoning with uncertainty have been investigated in the literature. We propose rough membership functions, rm-functions for short, as a basis for such reasoning. These functions have values in the interval [0,1] and are computable on the basis of the observable information about the objects rather than on the objects themselves. We investigate properties of the rm-functions. In particular, we show that our approach is intensional with respect to the class of all information systems [P91]. As a consequence we point out some differences between the rm-functions and the fuzzy membership functions [Z65], e.g. the rm-function values for X ∪ Y (X ∩ Y) cannot be computed in general by applying the operation max(min) to the rm-function values for X and Y.


  • Z. Pawlak
  • A. Skowron

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