Noethérianité de certaines algèbres de fonctions analytiques et applications

Tom 75 / 2000

Abdelhafed Elkhadiri, Mouttaki Hlal Annales Polonici Mathematici 75 (2000), 247-256 DOI: 10.4064/ap-75-3-247-256


Let $M ⊂ ℝ^{n}$ be a real-analytic submanifold and H(M) the algebra of real analytic functions on M. If K ⊂ M is a compact subset we consider $S_{K}={f ∈ H(M)| f(x) ≠ 0 for all x ∈ K}$; $S_{K}$ is a multiplicative subset of $H(M)$. Let $S_{K}^{-1}H(M)$ be the localization of H(M) with respect to $S_{K}$. In this paper we prove, first, that $S_{K}^{-1}H(M)$ is a regular ring (hence noetherian) and use this result in two situations:    1) For each open subset $Ω ⊂ ℝ^{n}$, we denote by O(Ω) the subalgebra of H(Ω) defined as follows: f ∈ O(Ω) if and only if for all x ∈ Ω, the germ of f at x, $f_{x}$, is algebraic on $H(ℝ^{n})$. We prove that if Ω is a bounded subanalytic subset, then O(Ω) is a regular ring (hence noetherian).    2) Let $M ⊂ ℝ^{n}$ be a Nash submanifold and N(M) the ring of Nash functions on M; we have an injection N(M) → H(M). In [2] it was proved that every prime ideal p of N(M) generates a prime ideal of analytic functions pH(M) if M or V(p) is compact. We use our Theorem 1 to give another proof in the situation where V(p) is compact. Finally we show that this result holds in some particular situation where M and V(p) are not assumed to be compact.


  • Abdelhafed Elkhadiri
  • Mouttaki Hlal

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