Analytic solutions of a second-order iterative functional differential equation near resonance

Tom 96 / 2009

Houyu Zhao, Jianguo Si Annales Polonici Mathematici 96 (2009), 209-226 MSC: 34K05, 39B12, 39B22. DOI: 10.4064/ap96-3-2

Streszczenie

We study existence of analytic solutions of a second-order iterative functional differential equation $$x' '(z)=\sum_{j=0}^{k}\sum_{t=1}^{\infty}C_{t,j}(z)(x^{[j]}(z))^{t}+G(z)$$ in the complex field $\Bbb C.$ By constructing an invertible analytic solution $y(z)$ of an auxiliary equation of the form $$ \alpha^2 y' '(\alpha z)y'(z)=\alpha y'(\alpha z)y' '(z)+[y'(z)]^3\Big[\sum_{j=0}^{k}\sum_{t=1}^{\infty}C_{t,j}(y(z))(y(\alpha^{j}z))^{t}+G(y(z))\Big]$$ invertible analytic solutions of the form $y(\alpha y^{-1}(z))$ for the original equation are obtained. Besides the hyperbolic case $0<|\alpha|<1$, we focus on $\alpha$ on the unit circle $S^1$, i.e., $|\alpha|=1$. We discuss not only those $\alpha$ at resonance, i.e. at a root of unity, but also near resonance under the Brjuno condition.

Autorzy

  • Houyu ZhaoSchool of Mathematics
    Shandong University
    Jinan, Shandong 250100, P.R. China
  • Jianguo SiSchool of Mathematics
    Shandong University
    Jinan, Shandong 250100, P.R.China
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