Generalized Stern polynomials and hyperbinary representations
We use two different but related types of generalized Stern polynomials, recently introduced by the authors, to give complete characterizations of all hyperbinary expansions of a given positive integer. We also derive explicit formulas for these generalized Stern polynomials and use them to establish further characterizations of hyperbinary expansions, using binomial coefficients. We then introduce a 2-parameter analogue of the two types of polynomials, which leads to more explicit versions of earlier results. Finally, we explore further generalizations of the polynomials studied in this paper.