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## On the unimodal character of the frequency function of the largest prime factor

### Tom 88 / 2001

Colloquium Mathematicum 88 (2001), 159-174 MSC: Primary 11N25. DOI: 10.4064/cm88-2-1

#### Streszczenie

The main objective of this paper is to analyze the unimodal character of the frequency function of the largest prime factor. To do that, let $P(n)$ stand for the largest prime factor of $n$. Then define $f(x,p):=\#\{ n\le x\mid P(n)=p\}$. If $f(x,p)$ is considered as a function of $p$, for $2\le p\le x$, the primes in the interval $[2,x]$ belong to three intervals $I_1(x)=[2,v(x)]$, $I_2(x)=\mathopen ]v(x),w(x)\mathclose [$ and $I_3(x)=[w(x),x]$, with $v(x)< w(x)$, such that $f(x,p)$ increases for $p\in I_1(x)$, reaches its maximum value in $I_2(x)$, in which interval it oscillates, and finally decreases for $p\in I_3(x)$. In fact, we show that $v(x)\ge \sqrt{\mathop {\rm log}\nolimits x}$ and $w(x)\le \sqrt{x}$. We also provide several conditions on primes $p\le q$ so that $f(x,p)\ge f(x,q)$.

#### Autorzy

• Jean-Marie De KoninckDépartement de Mathématiques et de Statistique
Université Laval
e-mail
• Jason Pierre SweeneyDépartement de Mathématiques et de Statistique
Université Laval 