# Wydawnictwa / Czasopisma IMPAN / Studia Mathematica / Artykuły Online First

## Studia Mathematica

Artykuły w formacie PDF dostępne są dla subskrybentów, którzy zapłacili za dostęp online, po podpisaniu licencji Licencja użytkownika instytucjonalnego. Czasopisma do 2009 są ogólnodostępne (bezpłatnie).

## On a one-parameter continuous family of pairs of complementary boundary conditions

### Tom 266 / 2022

Studia Mathematica 266 (2022), 81-92 MSC: 35B06, 46E05, 47D06, 47D07, 47D09. DOI: 10.4064/sm210618-3-11 Opublikowany online: 24 March 2022

#### Streszczenie

Let $C[0,\infty ]$ be the space of continuous functions on the right half-axis $\mathbb {R}^+$ with finite limits at $\infty$, and let $C[-\infty ,\infty ]$ be the space of continuous functions on the entire $\mathbb {R}$ that have finite limits at both $-\infty$ and $\infty$. It has been known for some time that classical Feller–Wentzell boundary conditions for the Laplace operator in $C[0,\infty ]$ are in one-to-one correspondence with certain subspaces of continuous functions on $\mathbb {R}$ that are invariant under the basic cosine family and the heat semigroup. In particular, the Robin boundary condition $$f’(0)=\gamma f(0),$$ where $\gamma \ge 0$ is a parameter, is linked with the subspace $C_R^\gamma \subset C[-\infty ,\infty ]$ of those $f$ that satisfy $f(-x) = f(x) - 2\gamma \int _0^x \e ^{-\gamma (x-y)} f(y) \, \mathrm {d} y$ for $x\ge 0$. In this paper we find a natural operator $P_\gamma$ that projects $C[-\infty ,\infty ]$ onto $C_R^\gamma$ and with its help prove a surprising result saying that, for $\gamma \gt 0$, $C_R^\gamma$ is complemented by the subspace $C_F^\gamma \subset C[-\infty ,\infty ]$ linked with the particular case of Feller–Wentzell boundary conditions describing slowly reflecting boundary (or sticky boundary), that is, with the condition $$f”(0)=\gamma f’(0).$$

#### Autorzy

• Adam BobrowskiLublin University of Technology
20-618 Lublin, Poland
e-mail
• Elżbieta RatajczykLublin University of Technology 