Dugundji extenders and retracts on generalized ordered spaces

Tom 158 / 1998

Gary Gruenhage, Yasunao Hattori, Haruto Ohta Fundamenta Mathematicae 158 (1998), 147-164 DOI: 10.4064/fm_1998_158_2_1_147_164


For a subspace A of a space X, a linear extender φ:C(A) → C(X) is called an $L_{ch}$-extender (resp. $L_{cch}$-extender) if φ(f)[X] is included in the convex hull (resp. closed convex hull) of f[A] for each f ∈ C(A). Consider the following conditions (i)-(vii) for a closed subset A of a GO-space X: (i) A is a retract of X; (ii) A is a retract of the union of A and all clopen convex components of X\A; (iii) there is a continuous $L_{ch}$-extender φ:C(A × Y) → C(X × Y), with respect to both the compact-open topology and the pointwise convergence topology, for each space Y; (iv) A × Y is C*-embedded in X × Y for each space Y; (v) there is a continuous linear extender $φ:C*_{k}(A) → C_{p}(X)$; (vi) there is an $L_{ch}$-extender φ:C(A) → C(X); and (vii) there is an $L_{cch}$-extender φ:C(A) → C(X). We prove that these conditions are related as follows: (i)⇒(ii)⇔(iii)⇔(iv)⇔(v)⇒(vi)⇒(vii). If A is paracompact and the cellularity of A is nonmeasurable, then (ii)-(vii) are equivalent. If there is no connected subset of X which meets distinct convex components of A, then (ii) implies (i). We show that van Douwen's example of a separable GO-space satisfies none of the above conditions, which answers questions of Heath-Lutzer [9], van Douwen [1] and Hattori [8].


  • Gary Gruenhage
  • Yasunao Hattori
  • Haruto Ohta

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