Coloring grids

Tom 228 / 2015

Ramiro de la Vega Fundamenta Mathematicae 228 (2015), 283-289 MSC: Primary 03E50; Secondary 03E05, 51M05. DOI: 10.4064/fm228-3-5


A structure $\mathcal {A}=(A;E_i)_{i\in n}$ where each $E_i$ is an equivalence relation on $A$ is called an $n$-grid if any two equivalence classes coming from distinct $E_i$'s intersect in a finite set. A function $\chi : A \to n$ is an acceptable coloring if for all $i \in n$, the $\chi ^{-1}(i)$ intersects each $E_i$-equivalence class in a finite set. If $B$ is a set, then the $n$-cube $B^n$ may be seen as an $n$-grid, where the equivalence classes of $E_i$ are the lines parallel to the $i$th coordinate axis. We use elementary submodels of the universe to characterize those $n$-grids which admit an acceptable coloring. As an application we show that if an $n$-grid $\mathcal {A}$ does not admit an acceptable coloring, then every finite $n$-cube is embeddable in $\mathcal {A}$.


  • Ramiro de la VegaDepartamento de Matemáticas
    Universidad de los Andes
    Cra 1 No. 18A-12
    Bogotá, Colombia

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