Noncommutative extensions of the Fourier transform and its logarithm

Tom 152 / 2002

Romuald Lenczewski Studia Mathematica 152 (2002), 69-101 MSC: Primary 46L53, 43A20; Secondary 06A07, 60E10, 81R50. DOI: 10.4064/sm152-1-5

Streszczenie

We introduce noncommutative extensions of the Fourier transform of probability measures and its logarithm to the algebra ${\cal A}(S)$ of complex-valued functions on the free semigroup $S={\rm FS}(\{z,w\})$ on two generators. First, to given probability measures $\mu$, $\nu$ with all moments finite, we associate states $\widehat{\mu}$, $\widehat{\nu}$ on the unital free *-bialgebra $({\cal B},\varepsilon ,{\mit\Delta})$ on two self-adjoint generators $X,X'$ and a projection $P$. Then we introduce and study cumulants which are additive under the convolution $\widehat{\mu}\star \widehat{\nu}=\widehat{\mu}\otimes \widehat{\nu} \circ {\mit\Delta}$ when restricted to the “noncommutative plane” ${\cal B}_{0}={\mathbb C}\langle X, X'\rangle$. We find a combinatorial formula for the Möbius function in the inversion formula and define the moment and cumulant generating functions, $M_{\widehat{\mu}}\{z,w\}$ and $L_{\widehat{\mu}}\{z,w\}$, respectively, as elements of ${\cal A}(S)$. When restricted to the subsemigroups ${\rm FS}(\{z\})$ and ${\rm FS}(\{w\})$, the function $L_{\widehat{\mu}}\{z,w\}$ coincides with the logarithm of the Fourier transform and with the $K$-transform of $\mu$, respectively. Moreover, $M_{\widehat{\mu}}\{z,w\}$ is a “semigroup interpolation” between the Fourier transform and the Cauchy transform of $\mu$. If one chooses a suitable weight function $W$ on the semigroup $S$, the moment and cumulant generating functions become elements of the Banach algebra $l^{1}(S,W)$.

Autorzy

  • Romuald LenczewskiInstitute of Mathematics
    Wrocław University of Technology
    Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27
    50-370 Wrocław, Poland
    e-mail

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