# Wydawnictwa / Czasopisma IMPAN / Studia Mathematica / Wszystkie zeszyty

## Unitary Banach algebras

### Tom 162 / 2004

Studia Mathematica 162 (2004), 25-51 MSC: Primary 46H05; Secondary 43A20, 46B04. DOI: 10.4064/sm162-1-3

#### Streszczenie

In a Banach algebra an invertible element which has norm one and whose inverse has norm one is called unitary. The algebra is unitary if the closed convex hull of the unitary elements is the closed unit ball. The main examples are the $C^*$-algebras and the $\ell _1$ group algebra of a group. In this paper, different characterizations of unitary algebras are obtained in terms of numerical ranges, dentability and holomorphy. In the process some new characterizations of $C^*$-algebras are given.

#### Autorzy

• Julio Becerra GuerreroDepartamento de Matemática Aplicada
e-mail
• Simon CowellDepartment of Mathematics
University of Wales Swansea
Swansea SA2 8PP, Wales, UK
e-mail
• Ángel Rodríguez PalaciosDepartamento de Análisis Matemático